2016年5月21日土曜日

〔翻訳〕ブラック企業は悪くない

もし労働者が労働環境より収入を重視するなら、それに応える企業は悪くない。問題はブラック企業ではなく、貧困である。…ではなぜ賃金が安いのか。第三世界の多くの国では、労働生産性がきわめて低いからだ。
That is, if the workers want a very high proportion of their total earnings in money, and very little in the form of working conditions, then the business has every incentive to accommodate them. So there is nothing wrong with sweatshops, per se. The difficulty, rather, is poverty. The total wages are so low that the employees want to economize on the accoutrements of the factory, rather than take-home pay. And why, in turn, are wages so low? This is because in many third-world countries, worker productivity is very small.
https://mises.org/library/protest-no-good-reason

貧困国への投資は労働の限界生産性を高め、やがて賃金を引き上げる。ブラック企業反対団体がめざすように投資を妨げれば、結果は逆となり、賃金は上がらない。
Capital investment in poor countries will cause wages to rise over time by increasing the marginal productivity of labor...Discouraging such investment, which is the objective of the anti-sweatshop movement, will do the opposite and cause wages to stagnate.
https://mises.org/library/how-sweatshops-help-poor

ブラック企業を批判する人々は、ナイキ社に抗議するのではなく、税と規制に抗議してはどうか。税と規制のせいで投下資本収益率が低くなり、その結果、従業員の賃金も低くなるのだから。
Instead of remonstrating against Nike, how about protesting against the taxes and regulations that lower the firm’s return on invested capital and, therefore, the wages of its employees?
https://mises.org/library/nike-right

ブラック企業反対団体は、戦い方を間違っている。(規制で)労働者本人の選択を妨げても、彼らを助けることはできない。より良い方法は、(規制緩和で)労働者の選択肢を広げることである。
Anti-sweatshop groups are fighting the wrong battle. To borrow from the economist David Henderson, we don’t help people by trying to forestall the decisions they actually make. We do much better for them by expanding their options.
https://mises.org/blog/quick-musings-sweatshops-and-immigration

先進国の生活水準が高いのは最低賃金、労働安全法、児童労働禁止などの規制があるからではない。…規制ができたのは、経済が発展した後だ。それまでに市場の力で改善された賃金と労働条件を成文化したにすぎない。
People often mistake minimum wages, worker safety laws, bans on child labor, and other government regulations for improvements in living standards...Instead, the laws largely came after our development and mostly codified improvements in wages and conditions that market forces had already improved.
https://fee.org/articles/sweatshop-blues-an-interview-with-benjamin-powell

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