2016年4月27日水曜日

〔翻訳〕雇用増は繁栄を意味せず

政府はカネを使うとき、ただある場所(納税者)から取って、別の場所(政府職員、道路など)に動かすだけだ。…どんなに国道を改良する必要を感じても、「雇用創造」や「景気刺激」の神話をその根拠にしてはいけない。
When government spends money, it simply takes that money from one place (taxpayers) and moves it to another (state employees, roads, etc.)...Whatever your feeling on the need to improve state roads, do not let the myth of "job creation" and a "boost to the economy" be the rationale.
https://mises.org/library/government-projects-do-not-create-jobs

労働力の供給は限られている。政府に雇用を創造させてはいけない。さもなければ、本来なら生み出されるはずの商品やサービスを失うことになる。貴重な労働力はとっておいて、まだ残っている重要な仕事に充てなければならない。
The supply of labor is limited. We must not allow government to create jobs or we lose the goods and services which otherwise would have come into being. We must reserve precious labor for the important tasks still left undone.
https://mises.org/library/how-market-creates-jobs-and-how-government-destroys-them-full-edition

個人を雇って、富を生まない無駄な仕事で働かせれば、富を生む仕事から(生産に必要な)資産を奪うだけである。…個人の幸福に重要なのは、雇われることそれ自体ではない。重要なのは購買力、つまり商品やサービスをどれだけ買えるかだ。
Hence employing individuals in various useless non-wealth generating activities simply leads to a transfer of real wealth from wealth generating activities and this undermines the real wealth-generating process...Ultimately, what matters for the well-being of individuals is not that they are employed as such, but their purchasing power in terms of the goods and services that they earn.
https://mises.org/library/employment-does-not-drive-economic-growth

雇用が増えると、政府は自分の手柄だと誇る。しかしそもそも雇用増は、繁栄を意味しない。生産性が上がると、働く時間はむしろ減少。つまり雇用は減る。児童労働の減少は一例。重要なのは雇用ではなく、実質賃金や富の豊かさだ。
First of all, as worker productivity increases, workers would need to work fewer hours to maintain their standard of living...So, over the long term, we cannot say that more jobs equals more prosperity...Child laborers, for example, are no longer essential to maintaining a family’s standard of living. All those jobs are long gone...Really, the only measure that matters is real household wages and wealth, and what can be acquired with it.
https://mises.org/library/job-growth-doesn%E2%80%99t-mean-we%E2%80%99re-getting-richer

太陽はぬくもりや果物をタダで恵んでくれる。人は享受するだけ。だからもし機械が本当に人のあらゆる仕事を代わってくれるなら、誰も働かなくていいことになる。…最後の一つの仕事まで機械がやってくれたら、こんなに幸運なことはない。
Well, we’ve already got a case study there — the sun. It gives us warmth and mangos for free. And how do we respond? We sit around and lazily enjoy it. So a machine that truly replaced all jobs would simply mean nobody works anymore...We should all be so lucky that the machines do actually take every last job there is.
https://mises.org/library/let%E2%80%99s-hope-machines-take-our-jobs-we-want-wealth-not-jobs

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